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Çetin Toraman
Osman Aktan


The aim of this research is to determine the technostress levels experienced by academicians who carry out distance education activities during the COVID-19 process and to examine the relationship between this stress level and job satisfaction. The research is a relational comparison type of research. The participants of the research consisted of 1450 academicians working in different disciplines, determined according to the purposeful sampling method. Technostress scale, job satisfaction scale and open-ended question form were used as data collection tools in the research. Descriptive statistics, multiple linear regression, MANOVA and inductive content analysis were used in the analysis of the data. According to the research findings, it was determined that academicians were exposed to intense technology use in distance education during the COVID-19 process, their workload increased, and this situation negatively affected the private lives, work performance and job satisfaction of academicians. It has been determined that the job satisfaction of academics with higher seniority and title, working at public universities that provide distance education during the COVID-19 process, was higher. In the study, it was determined that gender, type of institution in which academicians work, title and seniority from the main effects, and their interaction made a significant difference on the level of technostres of academicians. According to the results of the research, it has been determined that distance education negatively affects private life in the COVID-19 period, however, it has some useful aspects with difficulties in practice. Based on the results of the research, it is recommended to improve the online learning and technology literacy skills of academicians, to run some of the courses in universities with distance education to be ready for online and emergency distance education, and to improve the employment conditions of academicians working in private universities.

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Author Biographies

Çetin Toraman, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University

Çetin Toraman received undergraduate education in the field of guidance and psychological counseling. He has a PhD in educational research methods and statistics, and curriculum & instruction. He is currently working as an associate professor in the medical education department of Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Medical School.

Osman Aktan, Duzce University

Osman Aktan received his doctorate in Curriculum and Instruction from Gazi University. He is still working as an Assistant Professor at Düzce University, Faculty of Education, Department of Special Education. His areas of interest are curriculum & instruction, teacher education, teaching and learning, inclusive education.